Company Name - Company Message
Nationally renowned speaker, Michael Dolce, discussed the civil remedies for victims of human trafficking

Michael Dolce, Esq. of Cohen & Milstein is an advocate for victims of sexual abuse in criminal court. He also advocates in civil court  seeking restitution and relief for victims.  He recounted a civil suit against the Broward County school system and a case involving abuse in a group home. The perpetrator was a staff member. He cautioned that the abuse can be inside the system as well as outside. 

He discussed rates of runaways from foster care. Today 1.7% are on run away status and in 2001  the rate was 2%.  DCF reported 167 on runaway status but he feels that DCF is under-reporting. He discussed a group home with alleged abuse and a large number of runaways that went on for 2 years. Correlation  between abuse in foster or group home and rate of runaways.  History of physical and sexual abuse in the foster care system. The vulnerability of foster children makes them targets for Trafficking. 

Shane O'Meara presented to the HTCPB's February Meeting

The guest speaker Shane 0’Meara, Esq, from Legal Aid Society of Palm Beach County was introduced.

He addressed the status of those living in the United States:
·        Citizens natural born or naturalized
·        Those with no status
·        Lawful non-citizens:  there are 20 types of people who are visiting or residing temporarily and 20 types intending to reside permanently
·        Permanent status: May live in U.S., attend school and travel abroad. Can apply for citizenship after 5 years. Cannot register to vote. Holder of current 1-SSI Permanent Resident Card “ Green Card”

Discussion on how to acquire lawful permanent status:
·        Employment based laws
·        Visa lottery
·        Nationality based laws
·        Family based laws
·        Asylum/refugee based laws: Refugee from outside U.S. and asylee in the U.S.

Asylum: persecution or fear of persecution from government or a group which the government can mot or will not control.  A refugee or asylee can apply for
permanent status after one year.
Violence  Against Women Act (VAWA): A victim of domestic abuse who is the spouse of child of an abusive U.S Citizen/permanent resident or parent of an abusive U.S. citizen. If shows evidence of abuser’s lawful status and domestic abuse may self-petition for LPR status and eliminate the abuser’s participation in
the application process.
U-Visa: for victim of a crime who has been or will be helpful with the investigation of prosecution of the criminal case.
T-Visa: for a victim of a severe form of sex or labor trafficking. It takes 8 months to process and the holder can obtain employment authorization immediately.

Shane discussed TPS status and DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrival)

Contact Legal Aid for assistance with these programs, (561) 655-8944.

During our January Human Trafficking Awareness Month Meeting, the HTCPB hosts Chief Assistant US Attorney Barbara Martinez
Our guest speaker is Barbara Martinez, Chief of the Special Prosecutions for the US Department of Justice, Miami U.S. Attorney’s Office, Criminal Division. The Special Prosecutions Section was started in 2007 to handle vulnerable victim cases, including human trafficking cases. Additionally, per the law that set up that section United States Assistant Attorney Generals in branch offices may handle human trafficking cases.
In 2011 the United States Attorney General’s Office was selected as one of six
Anti-Trafficking Coordination Teams. 

The speaker talked about the components of 

1) Vulnerability 
2) Exploitation 
and 3) Labor or Services in Human Trafficking

She discussed the role of advertisement in luring minor victims in South Florida
and the need to be proactive as well as reactive in prosecuting
human trafficking.

She also discussed some cases that her office prosecuted.
·      James Mozie and Boom Boom Room
·      2016 Mozie ‘s younger brothers prosecuted for Trafficking
·      Damion Baston Trafficked in US, Australia and Dubai
·      U.S. Glenn
·      U.S. v Flanders and Emerson Callum
·      Cases relying on fraud prong of Sexual Trafficking Statute (U.S. Cooper)
·      U.S. v Mendez 2016 case First Farm Worker case prosecuted in South Florida
·        Sex trafficking with multiple victims who are minors
·        Minor victims given drugs
·        Unaccompanied minors

2017 Strategy: continue public awareness campaign, more proactive
Investigations, more district wide collaboration.
Website http://www.sfhumantrafficking
24 hr. hotline number 1.888-373-7888.

Peter Angell, Special Agent, Federal Bureau of Investigation Spoke During our December Meeting

Special Agent Angell discussed the human trafficking case of U.S. v Daniel Macias a case that occurred in South Florida. He went through the details of the Inception, Background, Investigation, indictment and arrest, prosecution and outcome.
The case started in July, 2015 with a report by a 16 female and her 45 year old mother to the North Palm Beach Police Department about Daniel Macias who was
Iiving with them at the time.  The allegations were that he had trafficked them
and other women as well using a Dive charter (Dan’s Dive Charter) as a front.
Daniel Macias and the mother were indicted and arrested. Daniel Macias
went to prison and the mother received house arrest after entering guilty pleas.
He discussed the use of guilt, Loyalty and fear by the perpetrator on the victims. The FBI has a special agent on duty to take tips, reports, and investigate leads. You can contact the local field office by calling (561) 833-7517.

November 2016 Meeting Highlights

November's guest speaker was Special Agent Victor Williams. Victor is an FBI Special Agent in charge in Miami, Florida. 

 He emphasized that family and societal issues are often a prelude for victims of human trafficking. He gave some stories of Human Trafficking Victims and some statistics:

·      $95 billion generated yearly
·      300,000 children at risk of CSEC
·      Age of entry 12 for girls,11 for  boys
·      Pimp makes $150-$200 per child
Miami and Tampa are on the list of top 20 cities for Human Trafficking in the United States.
He touched on the definitions and distinctions between Smuggling and Trafficking
Special Agent Williams discussed the importance of state, counties and cities working together in the fight against human trafficking, and a partnership in the fight between the private and public sector.  He advocated a victim centered approach, and the locating and rescuing and then providing services to the victims.  Labor Trafficking is a potentially bigger issue than human trafficking.
Resource: Blue Campaign 1-866-347-2423; campaign

November's Member Spotlight: 
Becky Dymond , Founder/President of Hepzibah House was the Member Spotlight
Mission: Hepzibah House is a safe home for women over 18. It offers restorative services for women escaping human trafficking. The House began work with survivors in 2011, and the safe house was opened in 2015. There are 4 beds
and 8 women have been assisted in the safe house. Approximately 40 women
have been served by Hepzibah  In 2016 start up of Zibah Treats and John School Diversion Program implemented
Outcome based Evaluations with mental health counseling.
Contact information:   (561)386-0031
Restore Conference 2016: Friday November 18 at Journey Church Lake
Worth Campus.  Visit for full schedule of events.
December 6- Broward County Human Trafficking Coalition Meeting.
January 24 and 25 2 day conference by IHTC -Polaris. Check
for information.
January 28 from 4-5:30pm showing of Dark Side of Chocolate.

October 2016 Meeting Highlights
October's guest speaker was Suzanne Turner, CEO of the
the YWCA.
    The YWCA is the oldest women’s agency in the community. The 100 year
anniversary will be next year.
    Harmony House has provided shelter for abused women since 1993.
It now has 72 beds and a new activity center. There are plans for
transitional units. Victims must call the hotline to seek shelter in Harmony
House. Eligibility which includes being in danger will be determined.
There is a need for victim relocation funds.
    The emphasis has been on rapid rehousing for the past year. The YWCA is involved with POAST and has made Human Trafficking its health initiative.
The staff at YWCA includes a full time attorney, economic empowerment specialist and victim advocates.
     Harmony House has a breakfast series. The January topic will be Human
    The Member Spotlight was Sandy Pines Hospital. Mariuzi Mejia was the
representative from Sandy Pines.
Sandy Pines serves minors ages 5 to 15.  The children come from the entire
State of Florida and even some from out of state. The average stay is six to
nine months.
Sandy Pines provides individual and group counseling. It is a residential
treatment facility with 140 beds. It is a locked down facility but there is a level program to earn privileges. There are no outpatient services. If a female patient is identified as a trafficking victim they would be placed in an all-female unit.
The contact phone number for Sandy Pine is (561) 744-0211. Mariuxi’s email


September 2016 Meeting Highlights

President Tanya Meade, Director of Rescue Upstream, presented the
Stewards of Children Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Training:
There are more than 400,000 children sexually abused each year. Children
with disabilities are 3 times more likely to be abused; 70% of the victims of commercial sexual exploitation have a history of sexual abuse. 90% of the child victims of sexual abuse are abused by family or someone that they know.  One in ten children experience sexual abuse before their 18 Birthday.  A video of the stories of survivors was shown.
There was a discussion on the five steps to protect children:
·      Learn the Facts: 35% of victims are under 11. 30% abused by family members;60%  by someone known to them;40% are abused by older and more powerful children
·      Minimize opportunity: reduce or eliminate one on one situation. 80% of incidents happen in one on one situations. Use a Code of Conduct.  Check…/sex-predator-offender to see location of registered sex offenders.
·      Talk about it: Talk about personal safety and sex; start early.
·      Recognize the signs: It is common to see emotional or behavioral changes as well as physical signs. Know what those symptoms are.
·      React Responsibly: Understand how to respond to suspicions or reports of
child sexual abuse.

August 2016 Meeting Highlights

Guest Speaker Katherine Hammer, LCSW, Senior Director of the Lewis Center was introduced. The Lewis Center assesses homeless individuals for housing focused services and provides case management.
Homelessness is a complex situation and includes chronic homelessness and crisis
homelessness. There is no emergency shelter in Palm Beach County which is
partially a political issue as there is a fear that shelters will encourage the homeless to move to Palm Beach County.
The Lewis Center has 6 beds (3 for men and 3 for women). It must be a law enforcement drop off. They take no walk ins and the client looking for
Service must call in and make an appointment. The have a Housing First
model for those homeless who are chronic and with high acuity.  There
is also a Permanent Housing Model.
Homelessness is a complex situation and includes chronic homelessness and crisis homelessness. Katherine discussed that there is no emergency shelter in Palm Beach County and that this is partially a political issue as there is a fear that this could lead to more homeless moving to Palm Beach County.  The homeless suffer from mental health and substance abuse issues as well as trauma.

There are 600 homeless on the wait list at any one time and there are less
resources for homeless families.
The Homeless Coalition has a list of resources on its website. The contact
email for the Lewis Center is
Florencia Dominquez Coordinator with International Rescue Committee (IRC) was the Member Spotlight.
IRC offers services to domestic and foreign born victims of all forms of human
Trafficking. IRC services include an assessment to determine needs and to develop a case plan. Services include intensive case management, transportation, partnership with shelters, medical and dental care along with other services. IRC also does Outreach Training.
The number for the Trafficking Resource Center is 1-888-373-7888 and the number for IRC information line is 1-866-0106.
July 2016 Meeting Highlights

Alexa Lee, Director of Programs, PBC Substance Awareness Coalition was
introduced as the guest speaker.
She talked about the fact that human trafficking victims have pre-existing substance abuse disorders or substances are used to control the victims once they are taken.

The PBC Substance Awareness Coalition meets the 3rd Thursday of the month at
10 a.m. at the Children’s Home Society Office in Boynton 2300 Highridge Rd. in
Boynton Beach.

Topics Discussed:
·      Recovery Awareness Partnership
·      Rx drug/Emergency Issues
·      Underage Drinking
·      Teen Coalition in Action (TCIA)
·      Flakka
·      Air B & B
She presented the following information during an interactive question and answer period.
·      Alcohol is the most popular drug for teens
·      Trending: opiates, Mj for teens , spice
·      E-cigarettes: teens using them and putting marajuana in them to get high
·      25% of teens reported using alcohol every month.
·      Marajuana use among PBC high school students increased between 2012 and 2014
·      Alcohol use is declining among youth in Palm Beach County
There is a new law in Boca Raton that requires businesses to post signs about underage drinking.  Also done in West Palm Beach, Delray Beach, Greenacres, Palm Springs, and unincorporated palm beach county
The number to call is 1-877-Means21 (1-877-632-6721)

SBIRT (Survey-motivational interviewing) was discussed as well as DAF an inpatient program in Palm Beach County. CARP will be reopening under a
different name.
There was a discussion of Narcan and use in heroin overdoses.
Information on Pill Drop off of unused or unwanted medications was handed out.
Annette Andre of the State Attorney’s Office was the member spotlight.

She went over the organizational chart for the State Attorney’s Office and
staffing of the Victim Advocates.  Victims are required to be notified, be present and be heard. They maintain contain with the victims during the court process and also keep track of the witnesses. The State Attorney’s Office partners with Victim services.

Annette explained the Batterer’s Intervention Program.

The State Attorney’s has a prosecutor working with law enforcement agencies on
getting designated agents for Human Trafficking Cases.

June 2016 Meeting Highlights

This month's guest speaker was Julia Murphy of Compass
Community Center. Julia introduced her co- workers Sabrine Pearson and Dylan
Dylan addressed the mission of Compass, a LGBT Community Center, which is to
diminish stereotypes and to challenge misconceptions about the LGBT community.
Compass offers services which include the following:
·        HIV prevention education, testing, counseling, linkage to care
·        Case Management: medical care management for HIV patients
Including identifying barriers to care
·        Referrals for Mental Health including individual counseling and HIV
Support groups
·        Youth Services: Youth Support Group for Ages 12-19, Transcendence Youth
Support and Queer Alternatives Age 18 & 19 Support Group.
·        Education: mentors, social support, Sexual health education
·        Events. Equality Prom, Transgender day remembrance, Lavender Graduation, Pride Fest 
·        Social Groups
·        Compass Allies: GLBTI Sensitivity, GLBT Inclusive Consulting, Student Organization
Sabrine Pearson shared the following facts about how LGBT are at risk:
·        Suicide third largest cause of death for LGBT youth
·        Higher risk of HIV/STD
·        Mental Health Issues
·        Victimization
·        Homelessness: 40% of Homeless teens LGBT
·        Increased number of sex partners
·        Younger age initiated into sex
Sabrina discussed some of the terminology relevant to LGBTI
·        Biological sex: Born gender
·        Gender identity: who someone feels that they are
·        Gender Expression: how the individual chooses to present
·        Attraction: sexual orientation
Gender Dysphoria: Discrepancy between sexual identity and biological sex.
Transgender- person who lives as a member of a gender other than that based on anatomical sex.
Discussion of Homophobia and Transphobia.
Discussion of personal ways to transition and the stress of gender dysphoria.
WPATH –Standards for Care
Tips for Allies: challenge anti LGBI remarks or jokes, be careful about confidentiality, respect the terminology, and don’t talk about a transgender surgical status, sex status, etc. out of curiosity.
Agencies that support Compass: Childnet and Camelot
YES Institute
Fenway Institute

May 2016 Meeting Highlights

Becky Dymond spoke on the Volunteer Training and its implementation at the Hepzibah House with Human Trafficking Survivors.
Goal of Volunteer Training:
·         Increase Awareness
·         Encourage Empathy
·         Inspire Action
Definition of Human Trafficking
Data per Dept of Justice:
·         Human Trafficking is a $150 billion dollar industry
·         410 million per day
·         80% of people trafficked are women and girls
·         Florida is the state with the 3 highest reports of Human Trafficking
Hepzibah House Mission:
·         Recovery
·         Restoration and release from the nightmare of Human Trafficking
·         Redeem stolen lives and dignity
Hepzibah House Goals:
·         Open a safe house for women
·         Raise awareness of modern day slavery and sex trafficking
Zibah Treats: Program where doggy treats are created and sold by survivors at Hepzibah House to provide employment opportunities for the survivors and funding for Hepzibah House. 
Vision: supportive community where survivors move beyond trauma to triumph on their way to reintegration and independence.
Becky discussed the definition of Trauma and gave an explanation of the impact of trauma on victims and survivors. She also went over the Silence Compliance Model as well as the Strength Based Approach. She explained the differences between a strength based approach and a problem based approach. Strength based principles were also explored.
Stages of Change:
·         Pre Contemplation: Denial
·         Contemplation: acknowledge problem but not invested in  making a change
·         Preparation: Getting ready to make a life change; commitment
·         Action: Leave; move from area of exploitations; cut off contact with pimps and old friends
·         Maintenance: remain out of life; new skills; network of support; avoid temptations; respond to triggers successfully
·         Relapses: return to old life

Hepzibah House is funded by private donations currently.

No Meeting in April 2016 in Observance of National Crime Victims' Rights Week 2016. See the HTCPB event info below!

We will be showing the first episode of “A Path Appears,” which takes a look at the issue of sex trafficking in the United States. The film is 90 minutes long. We will have a guest speaker from the Human Trafficking Coalition of the Palm Beaches speak briefly on the Human Trafficking issue here in South Florida followed by a brief Q & A session. Please note this PBS Special is rated M for mature audiences only. Some content may not be suitable for children under 17 years of age. Contact: Tanya Meade or (561) 966-4288 ext. 106.

March 2016 Meeting Highlights

Jennifer Rey was introduced by President Tanya. Jennifer is Program
Director for AVDA.  After speaking Jennifer Introduced Rebecca Keck, a Violence Prevention
Counselor with AVDA. Rebecca gave an informative presentation on the link between
Domestic Battery and Human Trafficking.
AVDA services:
24 hr. Hot line: 800-355-8547 or 561-265-2900
Emergency Shelter; AVDA has 63 beds. For up to six weeks.
Transitional Housing: 2 year program. Rent based on income. YWCA has a rapid rehousing
Program if shorter than 2 year transitional housing needed.
Outreach Service: Sexual Assault project; Advocate with the child welfare system; prevention
programs for youth.
Legal Advocacy
Educational Program
Rebecca started with the Definitions of Domestic Violence and Human Trafficking.
She talked about the Trafficking of intimate partners, spouses, and family members.
2011 report from NHTRC 10% of hotline calls reported as intimate Partners or familial trafficking.
Rebecca went over some case examples of domestic violence being connected to Human
She went over the common myths connected to Human Trafficking:
Traffickers are always strangers.
Abusers are jealous and won’t exploit for sex
Abusers control economically but don’t exploit
Her conclusion was they do use it to exploit.
Techniques used to control victims;
Use of threatening violence
Victims under lock and key
Controlling v’s economically
Telling v’s they will be imprisoned or deported.
The Power and Control that perpetrators have over domestic violence victims is similar
to that used against human trafficking victims.
70% of female survivors per London Study reported abuse before being trafficked
Domestic Violence as a Push Factor to Trafficking
Children in homes with domestic violence have absences from school; lack of education; lack
of job; increased vulnerability.
Differences between Domestic Violence and Human Trafficking
Domestic Violence: usually single abuser
Trafficking: exploitation of female poverty usually with no intimate relationship
Levels of endangerment and legal remedies are different for victims of trafficking.
Advocacy for trafficking victims differs for advocacy for victims of domestic violence and
Is more challenging.
Safety Planning: The same strategies for domestic violence victims may not be suitable for
victims of Trafficking but some strategies may overlap.
Keep documents
Talk to trusted friends
Plan escape route
Avoid dangerous rooms
Other Resources: ABA
YWCA and AVDA work closely together. Must be 18 years of age or up and have domestic/intimate partner connection to qualify for services at AVDA. The victims may

bring children with them to AVDA.

February 2016 Meeting Highlights

Amber Ahern from Palm Beach County LINK Coalition provided a presentation on the link between Violence and Animal Cruelty. 

Amber is a therapist with victim services and has a doctorate in Criminal Justice-Behavioral Science. Amber founded The South Florida Link Coalition which is a multi-disciplinary collaborative initiative to increase education and awareness, address public policy, create programs, and lead research on the Link between animal cruelty and human violence. The Coalition works to facilitate change by bringing members of the community, government, criminal justice system, health care system, animal welfare agencies, and human services together in order to foster healthy relationships between people and animal and reach goals that will positively impact public health and safety. The goals include creating databases that will aid providers, to assist with sheltering human and animal victims of domestic abuse together, to educate the community and professionals about the Link and the human and animal bond, to strengthen animal abuse laws, to improve psychological treatment.

She educated the Coalition on the prevalence of animal cruelty also being involved in domestic abuse cases, and the cycle connecting abuse to animal cruelty. The cycle starts with domestic battery . If you add animal cruelty the victim is more likely to stay with the abuser. If the victim stays the children are than exposed to domestic violence and animal cruelty. The children are than more likely to grow up to be violent. Children who commit or witness animal cruelty are at a greater risk of anti-social behavior. There are pets in 67.7% of homes with children under 6 and 74.6 pets in homes with children over 6. 

There is a need for veterinarians to get involved in the discussion although they are not mandated to report animal cruelty.  Crisis lines to ask about animal abuse. 50 states have felony level animal cruelty laws, and dog fighting is now a federal crime.  In 26 states DVM’s, ACO’s, and DCF cross report.

 She also advocates for therapy dog programs for at risk youths and more awareness.

For more information go to

January 2016 Meeting Highlights

Bonnie Jo from Hope for Freedom came and presented on Hope House, a shelter for domestic minor sex trafficked girls. She is a CSEC trainer and trainer for the HTCPB. Place of Hope provides direct services to CSEC in Florida. Hope House is a 12-15 month safe house for domestic minor girls. They live in a home setting with on-site school. Girls are, on average, 2 year behind academically. Girls receive counseling services from trained therapists with the goal being long-term restoration. These services include individual counseling/therapy, group sessions, and equine-facilitated activities. They also incorporate life skills training. Girls can be referred from out of county and out of state. They are set up to accept community children meaning no DCF involvement. They have been open for 5 years and have 5 beds currently. 
The best contact number for the program is (561) 799-1570.

Hope for Freedom also offers advocacy and education/awareness in the community with a 3 goal approach of prevention, intervention, and restoration. They offer prevention presentations in schools, clubs, student ministries, life groups, etc. Their programming is gender-based meaning they present to either all girls or all boys. They work in small groups on life skills. They also provide life skills and mentoring in the Belle Glade area at the Life Center. HFF partners with other community agencies and churches to provide services, groups, and presentations. The Life Center has been open for 4 years now and hosts an after-school program that provides tutoring, small groups, faith skills, life skills, safe place, and parenting programs for parents of the kids they serve. They also provide an intervention and restoration piece to youth involved in DJJ. They host groups and provide mentoring for those individuals that are at high-risk. They will do presentations by request.

January is Human Trafficking Awareness Month! 
See below for the HTCPB's Event!

And Our Poster Contest Official Information:


Human Trafficking Safe Schools Presentation Approved Unanimously at Palm Beach County School District! Debuted at the General Meeting for the Membership for the month of September! 

Starts with short film who are you talking to online? Guy posing as a girl talking with HS girl
POAST Partnered with HTCPB, presented training to PBC School District – unanimously approved Middle School, High School – 6 to 8 graders, 9 to 12 graders, School staff & Faculty, Parents of school aged kids.
Content of presentation:
Definitions – trafficking
IDing traffickers
Kids–how they are vulnerable
Male victims
Scenarios–have group sessions
Social media
Trauma Bonding
Recognizing and reporting
Trainers–have to have fingerprinting and background checks, basic knowledge.
Presentation: Linda Geller‐Schwartz, Tanya Meade, Brandy Macaluso
Human trafficking – how to keep and keep friends safe
Definition–modern form of slavery 2 types:
sex trafficking & labor trafficking
(18 years old & younger = automatically sex trafficking due to issues of consenting to commercial sex acts)
Identifying a trafficker: slide with 8 photos, several women, older & younger men = all traffickers
How does it happen? Traffickers are looking for insecurities & unsatisfied desires:
cell phone
other desires or insecurities identified by students
Activity- where traffickers might be looking for potential victims
Traffickers often use “spotters” to look for potential victims.
Spotters hang out where you hang out:
community gatherings
social media
Boys & girls at risk–studies show increasing # of boys being trafficked
Spotters looking for boys, girls, loner,  involved in drugs, kids with gender identity issues, runaways, homeless
Group activity: what would you do? 6 different scenarios all ending in trafficking–how could it have been handled differently with a better outcome?
Do you really know who you are talking to at the mall, on FB, etc? Be careful what you post online. Safe Internet Banking:
Trauma bonding–Elizabeth Smart
Recognizing & reporting:
changes in behavior/language
dressing differently
expensive gifts
skipping classes or lunch
older boyfriend
What will YOU do to prevent trafficking?
Getting help:
Crisis line=211
HT Tipline 888.373.7888
HT Tipline text 233733
DCF hotline = 800‐96‐ABUSE

Or, in an emergency, call 911.

During August's Meeting, Bonnie Jo Daniels spoke about their Parent's Program for Protecting Your Children Against Traffickers

Bonnie Jo Daniels, Project Director for Hope for Freedom provided a training used to train parents on human trafficking called "Not On My Watch: A Parent's Guide to Keeping Kids Safe." 

During the training, she explained Human Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children.

1. Intersections of Abuse

2. Parent Quiz

3. Theory of Human Trafficking
A. What makes my child a target?
B. 5 Level Pyramid Illustrated

4. "Beautiful Slave" video was shown
(described tactics to lure young girls into trafficking)

5. List provided of what children are at risk for recruitment

6. 10 minute Group Activity
Audience divided into 4 groups to answer one question

7. Potential Indicators of Sex Trafficking

8. Action Steps for Parents
A. Educate
B. Commit
C. Know
D. Watch
E. Tip

9. Parent Resources

To request this type of training for any community or parent groups, please contact Bonnie Jo Daniels at

Mark Pafford spoke to the Human Trafficking members about Political Advocacy & How to Engage their Legislators during July's General Meeting.

Mark Pafford, Florida House of Representatives, representing 86th District
Haverhill, Loxahatchee Groves, Royal Palm Beach, and Wellington in east-central PBC

How bills pass – tips using his experience

Driven by leadership in Senate & House
Never really know how the governor thinks until he signs or vetos – and speaks about it then
160 people are elected to represent 20 million people –
                Senate has 40 Senators
                House has 120 Representatives

Anyone can log in and track bill by going to

On website, clink on “Representatives” – find your representative, can use your address.
He brought up his own page as an example:
Pafford – shows things I am associated with
                Committees, personal information, etc
                Public Service – tells you what I am interested in
                Recognized for: X, Y, Z
                Current Sponsored Bills
Idea is to build coalition – go to legislator with your idea for a bill – to see if he/she will back it
                House allows 6 bills per Representative each session
                Bills go to drafting – confidential up until then – then back to person to see if it what they wanted
                If what they wanted, the bill is “filed” & gets a bill #
                                House Bills are odd numbers, Senate bills are even number
On the website, you can see the bills
Regular or special session
When they are read on the House floor, it is scripted “theater”
You can see our votes and track our activity on the website
Unless you know what we are doing, you are unable to “hold our feet to the fire” so to speak
If it passes House, then goes to Senate – and visa versa for Senate bills
Senate can pass exact same bill or amend it.
If it is amended, it comes back to House – can ping pong back & forth
Nuances: Important to see if a dollar amount is attached…
                Pass all kinds of things without funding them
                Looks like you are doing something when you are really not
                It is possible to go back later and fund it
                If committee chair refuses to hear the bill – a problem that has to be overcome
Committees begin before actual session
Sept 16 is the first week of committee work this year, meet again in October & November
January is official session – games start, have 60 days or regular session
If it doesn’t pass the first time through, it dies either in committee or on the floor
                Bill will be dead for that session
Bill’s sponsor can reintroduce it as a new bill the following session
Running for office? As voter, any ad that says, “I approve of myself” throw away!
                Everything that comes through that way is poll tested
                Opposition is just as bad since they use ads that pull things out of context to                 fit their agenda.

Best way to communicate with elected officials?
                Find them at events & let them know you are watching them
                Phone calls
                Letters – that are not completely formatted – Unique letters only
                Form letters not really worthwhile
                If letter goes to Representative not representing you, it will be forwarded to                 your rep
                Have to play hardball

Call Mark Pafford's office and speak to either of his legislative aids, Audry or Susan for any assistance or direction. The phone number is 561.682.0156.

Regina Bernadin conducted an interactive experiment on Building a Capacity to Respond to Human Trafficking during the June Meeting

Regina Bernadin, from International Rescue Committee presented on Building a response – evaluating what services are in the community and possible gaps.

These are the questions for the framework:
Direct services
1.      Which population do you serve? Sex/labor, survivors,                minors, adults, domestic only or all?
2.      What geographic area do you cover?
3.      How do you serve them?
4.      The best way to contact?

Training/outreach/technical assistance
1.       What activities are you involved in?
2.       What presentations do you do?
3.       The best number to contact?


1.  Hepzibah House – Becky Dymond
We provide mental health, trauma & career counseling, group therapy, support groups, referral services.
We are also starting a jobs program with built in mentoring that should be in motion by September.
We will pay survivors to work and participate in the mentoring program.
We are bringing volunteers alongside to build a relationship with them one-on-one.
We are in central PBC & serve those who are able to come to us, some limited transportation assistance, 561.386.0031
Training/Outreach/Technical Assistance:
We are in the process of opening a safe home
Referrals to educational scholarships for up to two year programs
Awareness Presentations               
2.  Heidi Shaeffer - Broward Human Trafficking Coalition, KidSafe Foundation, Nova Southeastern University
a. Broward Human Trafficking Coalition.
Nonprofit organization - mission of raising awareness about human trafficking in Broward County. 
No direct service component; refers potential cases to the appropriate authorities or service providers
BHTC does a lot of outreach in the community –
Speakers bureau does free trainings regarding all levels of trafficking expertise;
Coalition -  so main strength = collaborations with NGOs, law enforcement, health care profs., & private citizens. Advocacy with legislation and policies (eg, schools) to recognize HT as the epidemic it is. 
Outreach to people who have the most opp. to call in suspicions, e.g., truckers, school bus drivers, PACE, etc.  or Facebook:
b.  KidSafe Foundation, a nonprofit committed to educating about childhood sexual abuse.
KidSafe is a great tool for preventing sexual trafficking of children. 
The program has a three-tier approach:  Certified KidSafe instructors teach parents, children, teachers;
They also educate professionals or staff that deal with children, including CPIS investigators. 
KidSafe is teaching in public and private schools in Miami Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties. 561-715-1077   
Books available for sale- (English & Spanish)-- guide to empowering children from preschool through fifth grade.
c. Nova Southeastern University
Main campus in Broward, satellite locations throughout the State, including in Palm Beach County.
Nova's research/educational project called Project HEAT (Health Educators Against Trafficking) developed a systematic approach to train all their professors in the subject.
Goal = all students who graduate NSU to have exposure to the subject of human trafficking. 
Presentations: "Human Trafficking 101", law-enforcement perspective, to customized presentations
CREATE (Coalition for Research and Education Against Trafficking and Exploitation), Miramar campus
Research on HT, educate faculty/students, ultimately, provide direct free medical services to victims. 
 Collaborative grant with Kristi's House in Miami provides no-cost nursing care via NSU.
Dr. Brianna Kent is the main contact for CREATE (954-262-1296).
3. Tanya Meade, Rescue Upstream
No direct services, community awareness is main thurst.
They show film Chosen to middle and high school aged students.
The film is produced by Shared Hope International.
The Defenders program also buy Shared Hope International that addresses demand.
Stewards of Children - prevention training program that teaches adults how to prevent, recognize, and react responsibly to child sexual abuse. Designed for organizations serving youth, individuals concerned about the safety of children. 2 hours CEUs, through NASW & NBCC
4. Bonnie Jo Daniels, Hope For Freedom.
Domestic female minors with sex trafficking history.
Foster care with long-term residential services - five beds, girls only, 12 to 15 months long.
Not an emergency shelter. There is an application process before a girl can be accepted in the program.
They work with case managers and in and out of Palm Beach County.
They do training – Human Trafficking 101, CSEC training for staff, agency workers and volunteers.
Presentations at Palm Beach State, school presentations, “Be The Difference.”
6. Florencia  Dominguez– International Rescue Committee
Direct services to men, women, and children, domestic and foreign. T
Dade, Broward, Palm Beach County and Martin.
Case management and funding to assist with housing, transportation and food.
Hotlines:  866.443.0106, 305.842.7360
Trainings, awareness presentations, and technical assistance, Landlord network
Human Trafficking, 101 specific to South Florida.
Presentation bringing businesses into the loop.
Federal grants, currently have a waiting list
Assess each case and provide what they can.
Working with DOJ in pilot program, Family Justice model, one place to get all the services that are needed.
7. Dale Fox, Palm Beach Sheriffs Office.
They offer direct services they are first responders and investigators for all victims in Palm Beach County.
561–6 88–3975.
They also do training and raise awareness for all crimes in the community.
8. Brandy Macaluso, CILO- Coalition for Independent living organization.
They are a full service center, working with sex and labor trafficking survivors, domestic an undocumented. Palm Beach County, Martin County Okeechobee County and St. Lucie County.
Provide direct services to all disabilities - HT survivors qualify.,561.966.4288, ext 118
Provide agency, advocacy and transportation, mental health and peer counseling.
Work helping with Social Security appeal process, vocational classes and assistance, educational advocacy.
Work with disability related issues, access evaluations for handicapped
HT presentations, trainings on how to screen for disabilities for mental emotional, behavioral, visual, hearing, and traumatic brain injuries.
Offer wraparound services following a child aging out from foster care.
No residential services, they are a nonprofit and a civil rights organization.
9. Patricia Vazquez, Department of Children and Families
Investigations from Broward to Indian River.
Palm Beach County - hold monthly staffing member meetings on all new cases.
Work with both dependent and community kids and they do training for law-enforcement.
10. Linda,  Partner Organizations Against Sex Trafficking. T
Advocacy and awareness group, associated with National Council of Jewish Women
They bring the “14 Silhouettes” with case studies to public awareness events.
Speakers burea, Human Trafficking, 101
Involved in education with the safe schools programs and legislative issues.
11. Iliana Dias, AVDA.
Provide temporary shelter, 6 to 8 weeks at a time, 60 beds.
There has to be an element of domestic violence or partner violence to qualify.
Palm Beach County and surrounding areas.
Provide legal advocacy, help victims excess victim compensation and relocation funds.
Hotline: 1-800-355-8547
They have training in advocacy and presentations.
561.265.3797, x110
12. Kathy Iho, Soroptimists
They have a local chapter involved with human trafficking
Provide grants for awareness, and other supportive services for women.
13.  Liisa Spinello, Victim Services.
Assist with advocacy, therapy for victims of violent crimes. Sex trafficking is one of those crimes.
No charge for services
Court accompaniment for survivors, physical exams, follow ups, relocation, trauma groups
5 offices in Palm Beach County.
7/24 services, nighttime is well goes through 211 or 833 – RAPE.
561.355.2418 call will be directed from there
SART = sexual assault response team= 561.625.2568
Training on trauma informed care, offer CEU's, and CSEC training.
14. Twiler Smith, FBI
The FBI serves all cases.
Unable to take custody of minors so they work with DCF.
Her territory includes Highlands County, Vero Beach Palm, Beach County.
Pam Washington in Fort Lauderdale goes from Fort Lauderdale to the Keys.
Kelly Murphy serves the Tampa division.
They are hiring 35 victim specialists
Presentations in schools
Gaps Identified:
1. Labor trafficking survivors, very limited shelters for adults.
DCF has options for men and women labor and sex trafficking but they have to be part of the investigative process.
2. Gap identified for people needing drug detox and rehabilitation.

Dr. Heidi Shaffer spoke on KidSafe Program during the April Human Trafficking Meeting

Started with personal crisis – son left unattended by babysitter
Kids Safe  provides training for kids in 4th & 5th grades in PBC & Broward.
All about prevention of abuse & raising awareness
1 in 4 girls have been molested before age 18, 68% by family members, 90% someone they know. 40,000 kids & 15,000 adults have been trained so far.

Kids need to know how to get help
Video: Break The Cycle, with Uncle Pete…
Molestation brings four core injuries:
                1. Traumatic sexualization
                2. Betrayal
                3. Powerlessness
                4. Stigma

90% of commercially sexually exploited women sexually abused as kids & told no one
95% of abuse and exploitation is preventable through education.
KidSafe uses a 3 Tier approach:
                1. Education for teachers and staff
                2. Education for parents
                3. Education for children

Teach kids they had a voice & a right to use it
Difference between reporting vs. tattling
Check first with trusted adult
Difference between safe & unsafe tough
Difference between good & bad secrets
Baser Model:
                Believe child
                Affirm disclosure
                Support child – telling them not their fault
                Empower child
                Report the case
Having a Circle of safe adults

For more information about KidSafe, please contact Sally at or by calling 855-844-7233.

Sandy Skelaney addressed the March Human Trafficking Coalition Meeting regarding Human Trafficking and the Media

Sandy Skelaney addressed the HTCPB with her presentation, "Media Goes Wild; The Spectacle that is Human Trafficking" about the implications of exposing human trafficking victims to the media. 
After starting Project Gold at Kristi House in 2007, they received a lot of media requests and became, in essence, the gatekeepers to domestic minor sex trafficking victims. 

After reviewing the google images pages of search word, human trafficking, we see photos of light-skinned, attractive, female victims; shackled, chained, or caged; with dark-skinned hands or perpetrators or as Sandy refers to them as the "Kids in Cages" imagery. She discussed the subliminal messages this is potentially sending to reviewers of this information. The media shapes reality so there are consequences to the distortion such as being unable to decifer true victims and desensitization that occurs. 

On the flip side, we need media to bring attention to the good work organizations are doing and bring awareness to the causes. Over the last decade, Sandy identified many positive changes in the media coverage of Human Trafficking. She has noted their use of victim vs criminal, the term human trafficking is used vs child prostitute, and there has been a decrease of the verbiage, "victimless crime."

Regardless of the detail or perceived impact of the victim, their story matters and is important. There are many pros and cons to exposing the victim to the media:

  • Can empower the victim
  • Engages the audience in the cause
  • General awareness of the issue
  • The victim is the voice of their own experience
  • Success stories inspire others to come forward to to succeed

  • It puts the victim at-risk
  • Victims may feel coerced or used
  • The story never disappears. Ever.
  • No privacy
  • May not be emotionally prepared
  • Sexual history is made public domain
Sandy stressed the importance of preparing the survivor by asking 4 main questions:

  1. Is there any part of your past you are ashamed of?
  2. Is there any part of your present you are ashamed of?
  3. Is there anything you don't want your family to know?
  4. How would you feel if you were recognized and approached in public?

Mishaps with media can happen. Sandy stated it is important to learn from these mistakes and prepare for them in the future. She discussed that there are some blunders that will be beyond the control of yourself and your survivor so it is important to pre-brief, debrief, follow up, debrief again, and debrief again.She also talked about the importance of safe words between the service provider and victim so if the service provider needed to cut the interview short, they could. Sandy recommended having pre-drafted talking points that are bulleted and sticking to those. She also recommends if possible, to request a list of questions from reporters so service providers and screen them. She listed some issues that have occurred in past cases in regard to media exposure:

Victim's Initials are Published. This is a problem because people within their circles including service providers can be identified, especially if they have had prior contact with various service systems like DJJ or DCF. 

TV Clips of Key Note Spliced/Edited to Make Crying Appear from Pimp. The victim felt like her story was edited to make her a more "perfect victim."

Random, Short Phone Interviews/Reactive Stories. These are not typically fact-checked and are produced full of errors.

Girl-Specific Branding Leaked with Agency Name. The girl was triggered at school and ended up running away for 2 weeks.

Rush Interview Cancelled Last Minute by Guardian. After cancelling, the reporter waited for the victim in a white, unmarked van in a parking lot and tried to push her to come with him to his station to do the story regardless of the guardian's cancellation.

TV Features Silhouetted, "Anonymous" Survivor. Survivor was labeled as a "prostitute" by the editor and 4 people recognized her body shape and voice.

Don't believe everything you read! Sandy presented a completely fictitious story that was printed with extremely graphic detail that was completely made up by the author and did not reflect the true story of the victim. She also presented two additional stories, one of a HT survivor that was saving girls, that turned out to not be a survivor of HT; the other was of a victim stating she was consensual to the trafficking and pornography however, a video surfaced of her being violently raped with information conflicting her claims of agreement to the trafficking.

Lastly, Sandy gave a list of 18 tips when working with the media:

Let a victim initiate the discussion on sharing their story.
Assure the victims emotional and physical stability.
Build insight/process trauma prior to interviews.
Leadership, peer mentoring, and training advised for victims
Control the Story.
Obtain proper consents (with as much detailed specifics as possible).
Conceal Identity (more than just a silhouettes).
Support person present.
Get questions in advance.
Ask to read quotes for accuracy.
Emphasize use of proper language with media.
Conduct due diligence with reporters (Find out the angle).
Train Reporters.
Pre-Brief, Debrief, and Debrief again.
Titrate exposure. Start small.
Engage survivors as experts, not "victims"
Compensate properly
Vet survivors. Why do they want to speak about their story?

Sandy also shared a very well-written expose from the Sarasota Herald called The Stolen Ones by reporter, David McSwain.

Sandy is currently a founder of the Ignition Project. A project designed to assist program directors that are forming new programs or newly formed agencies on developing business plans, strategic plans, and other essentials for success.

February's Meeting featured Guest Speaker Elaine Beckwith of Sanctuary Ranch, Vision Quest Shelter for Girls

There are 30,000 to 40,000 runaways in Florida alone. 2,200 to 2,300 go missing every day across US. Target age for traffickers has been 10 to 12 years old, but starting to recruit girls as young as 8 years old. Vulnerability factors: homelessness, poor, broken families, physical/sexual abuse history, running away history, low self-worth/self-esteem, addictions to drugs/alcohol, involvement in the juvenile justice  or child welfare system. Ages 12 to 14 years old are most vulnerable. 

Vision Quest works with underage minors girls only. They took their first girl into shelter in July 2014. 80% of girls run away from programs. They are used to running! That’s what they do! DJJ starting work with DCF – DJJ's history often means trafficking history. Most girls that receive services have DJJ history. Most girls are controlled by pimps – so they lie about it out of both loyalty and fear.

What is different about these girls? Their distrust of care providers and law enforcement. They lie out of fear, feel its their fault, and are ashamed. They don’t think anyone will believe them, they believe they're in love, they can't self-identify, and are controlled by the pimp. Very often these girls have issues with addictions. Violence is a symptom of trafficking. Trauma bonding takes a girl’s ability to walk away.

Brain process during trauma:
 - Trauma triggers “doing brain” in amygdala in limbic system over the “thinking brain” in prefrontal cortex

 - Thinking brain defers to doing brain in dangerous situations

 - Kids fight, flee or shut down – they learned to do these things in dangerous situations

 - Doing brain triggers hormones, either ramp up or calm person down
                determines fight/flight/freeze response

 - Designed to remember danger so can make a quick response

 - Triggers make us feel like we are in danger even when we are not
                sounds, smells, words, tones of voice, approaches, touch can all be triggers

 - Survivors compliance and behavior – coping mechanisms

The primary goals of Vision Quest are empowerment vs recovery,  growth, mastery, and efficacy. Generally they work collaboratively with other programs. They are funded through DCF, Child-net. Vision Quest is a private company. They extend into the home for next step for girls. They are fostered in families where there is only child per family allowable. The staff is all female. They have 4 cottages but no house parents. Each house has 6 staff – 2 on duty, 12 hour shifts, 3 days on, 4 off. Sanctuary House is faith based but not evangelistic – horses therapy, yoga, movie nights, education, and the girls are included in all the projects on the ranch including designing the decor for the houses.

For contact information, please go to


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