Company Name - Company Message
Human Trafficking Safe Schools Presentation Approved Unanimously at Palm Beach County School District! Debuted at the General Meeting for the Membership for the month of September! 

Starts with short film who are you talking to online? Guy posing as a girl talking with HS girl
POAST Partnered with HTCPB, presented training to PBC School District – unanimously approved Middle School, High School – 6 to 8 graders, 9 to 12 graders, School staff & Faculty, Parents of school aged kids.
Content of presentation:
Definitions – trafficking
IDing traffickers
Kids–how they are vulnerable
Male victims
Scenarios–have group sessions
Social media
Trauma Bonding
Recognizing and reporting
Trainers–have to have fingerprinting and background checks, basic knowledge.
Presentation: Linda Geller‐Schwartz, Tanya Meade, Brandy Macaluso
Human trafficking – how to keep and keep friends safe
Definition–modern form of slavery 2 types:
sex trafficking & labor trafficking
(18 years old & younger = automatically sex trafficking due to issues of consenting to commercial sex acts)
Identifying a trafficker: slide with 8 photos, several women, older & younger men = all traffickers
How does it happen? Traffickers are looking for insecurities & unsatisfied desires:
cell phone
other desires or insecurities identified by students
Activity- where traffickers might be looking for potential victims
Traffickers often use “spotters” to look for potential victims.
Spotters hang out where you hang out:
community gatherings
social media
Boys & girls at risk–studies show increasing # of boys being trafficked
Spotters looking for boys, girls, loner,  involved in drugs, kids with gender identity issues, runaways, homeless
Group activity: what would you do? 6 different scenarios all ending in trafficking–how could it have been handled differently with a better outcome?
Do you really know who you are talking to at the mall, on FB, etc? Be careful what you post online. Safe Internet Banking:
Trauma bonding–Elizabeth Smart
Recognizing & reporting:
changes in behavior/language
dressing differently
expensive gifts
skipping classes or lunch
older boyfriend
What will YOU do to prevent trafficking?
Getting help:
Crisis line=211
HT Tipline 888.373.7888
HT Tipline text 233733
DCF hotline = 800‐96‐ABUSE

Or, in an emergency, call 911.

During August's Meeting, Bonnie Jo Daniels spoke about their Parent's Program for Protecting Your Children Against Traffickers

Bonnie Jo Daniels, Project Director for Hope for Freedom provided a training used to train parents on human trafficking called "Not On My Watch: A Parent's Guide to Keeping Kids Safe." 

During the training, she explained Human Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children.

1. Intersections of Abuse

2. Parent Quiz

3. Theory of Human Trafficking
A. What makes my child a target?
B. 5 Level Pyramid Illustrated

4. "Beautiful Slave" video was shown
(described tactics to lure young girls into trafficking)

5. List provided of what children are at risk for recruitment

6. 10 minute Group Activity
Audience divided into 4 groups to answer one question

7. Potential Indicators of Sex Trafficking

8. Action Steps for Parents
A. Educate
B. Commit
C. Know
D. Watch
E. Tip

9. Parent Resources

To request this type of training for any community or parent groups, please contact Bonnie Jo Daniels at



AGE MISSING:16 years 
AGE NOW:17 years 
FROM:West Palm Beach FL 
COUNTY:Palm BeachChild  
NARRATIVE:Muxike was last seen in the Miami, Florida area. Muxike was last seen on May 18, 2015. Her navel is pierced. Muxike has "LA" tattooed above her right eye and 3 dots above her left eye.

1-888-FL MISSING(1-888-356-4774)
       If you have any information concerning the whereabouts of this person, please contact FDLE or the
Miami Police Department at 305-579-6111                                 

Mark Pafford spoke to the Human Trafficking members about Political Advocacy & How to Engage their Legislators during July's General Meeting.

Mark Pafford, Florida House of Representatives, representing 86th District
Haverhill, Loxahatchee Groves, Royal Palm Beach, and Wellington in east-central PBC

How bills pass – tips using his experience

Driven by leadership in Senate & House
Never really know how the governor thinks until he signs or vetos – and speaks about it then
160 people are elected to represent 20 million people –
                Senate has 40 Senators
                House has 120 Representatives

Anyone can log in and track bill by going to

On website, clink on “Representatives” – find your representative, can use your address.
He brought up his own page as an example:
Pafford – shows things I am associated with
                Committees, personal information, etc
                Public Service – tells you what I am interested in
                Recognized for: X, Y, Z
                Current Sponsored Bills
Idea is to build coalition – go to legislator with your idea for a bill – to see if he/she will back it
                House allows 6 bills per Representative each session
                Bills go to drafting – confidential up until then – then back to person to see if it what they wanted
                If what they wanted, the bill is “filed” & gets a bill #
                                House Bills are odd numbers, Senate bills are even number
On the website, you can see the bills
Regular or special session
When they are read on the House floor, it is scripted “theater”
You can see our votes and track our activity on the website
Unless you know what we are doing, you are unable to “hold our feet to the fire” so to speak
If it passes House, then goes to Senate – and visa versa for Senate bills
Senate can pass exact same bill or amend it.
If it is amended, it comes back to House – can ping pong back & forth
Nuances: Important to see if a dollar amount is attached…
                Pass all kinds of things without funding them
                Looks like you are doing something when you are really not
                It is possible to go back later and fund it
                If committee chair refuses to hear the bill – a problem that has to be overcome
Committees begin before actual session
Sept 16 is the first week of committee work this year, meet again in October & November
January is official session – games start, have 60 days or regular session
If it doesn’t pass the first time through, it dies either in committee or on the floor
                Bill will be dead for that session
Bill’s sponsor can reintroduce it as a new bill the following session
Running for office? As voter, any ad that says, “I approve of myself” throw away!
                Everything that comes through that way is poll tested
                Opposition is just as bad since they use ads that pull things out of context to                 fit their agenda.

Best way to communicate with elected officials?
                Find them at events & let them know you are watching them
                Phone calls
                Letters – that are not completely formatted – Unique letters only
                Form letters not really worthwhile
                If letter goes to Representative not representing you, it will be forwarded to                 your rep
                Have to play hardball

Call Mark Pafford's office and speak to either of his legislative aids, Audry or Susan for any assistance or direction. The phone number is 561.682.0156.

Regina Bernadin conducted an interactive experiment on Building a Capacity to Respond to Human Trafficking during the June Meeting

Regina Bernadin, from International Rescue Committee presented on Building a response – evaluating what services are in the community and possible gaps.

These are the questions for the framework:
Direct services
1.      Which population do you serve? Sex/labor, survivors,                minors, adults, domestic only or all?
2.      What geographic area do you cover?
3.      How do you serve them?
4.      The best way to contact?

Training/outreach/technical assistance
1.       What activities are you involved in?
2.       What presentations do you do?
3.       The best number to contact?


1.  Hepzibah House – Becky Dymond
We provide mental health, trauma & career counseling, group therapy, support groups, referral services.
We are also starting a jobs program with built in mentoring that should be in motion by September.
We will pay survivors to work and participate in the mentoring program.
We are bringing volunteers alongside to build a relationship with them one-on-one.
We are in central PBC & serve those who are able to come to us, some limited transportation assistance, 561.386.0031
Training/Outreach/Technical Assistance:
We are in the process of opening a safe home
Referrals to educational scholarships for up to two year programs
Awareness Presentations               
2.  Heidi Shaeffer - Broward Human Trafficking Coalition, KidSafe Foundation, Nova Southeastern University
a. Broward Human Trafficking Coalition.
Nonprofit organization - mission of raising awareness about human trafficking in Broward County. 
No direct service component; refers potential cases to the appropriate authorities or service providers
BHTC does a lot of outreach in the community –
Speakers bureau does free trainings regarding all levels of trafficking expertise;
Coalition -  so main strength = collaborations with NGOs, law enforcement, health care profs., & private citizens. Advocacy with legislation and policies (eg, schools) to recognize HT as the epidemic it is. 
Outreach to people who have the most opp. to call in suspicions, e.g., truckers, school bus drivers, PACE, etc.  or Facebook:
b.  KidSafe Foundation, a nonprofit committed to educating about childhood sexual abuse.
KidSafe is a great tool for preventing sexual trafficking of children. 
The program has a three-tier approach:  Certified KidSafe instructors teach parents, children, teachers;
They also educate professionals or staff that deal with children, including CPIS investigators. 
KidSafe is teaching in public and private schools in Miami Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach counties. 561-715-1077   
Books available for sale- (English & Spanish)-- guide to empowering children from preschool through fifth grade.
c. Nova Southeastern University
Main campus in Broward, satellite locations throughout the State, including in Palm Beach County.
Nova's research/educational project called Project HEAT (Health Educators Against Trafficking) developed a systematic approach to train all their professors in the subject.
Goal = all students who graduate NSU to have exposure to the subject of human trafficking. 
Presentations: "Human Trafficking 101", law-enforcement perspective, to customized presentations
CREATE (Coalition for Research and Education Against Trafficking and Exploitation), Miramar campus
Research on HT, educate faculty/students, ultimately, provide direct free medical services to victims. 
 Collaborative grant with Kristi's House in Miami provides no-cost nursing care via NSU.
Dr. Brianna Kent is the main contact for CREATE (954-262-1296).
3. Tanya Meade, Rescue Upstream
No direct services, community awareness is main thurst.
They show film Chosen to middle and high school aged students.
The film is produced by Shared Hope International.
The Defenders program also buy Shared Hope International that addresses demand.
Stewards of Children - prevention training program that teaches adults how to prevent, recognize, and react responsibly to child sexual abuse. Designed for organizations serving youth, individuals concerned about the safety of children. 2 hours CEUs, through NASW & NBCC
4. Bonnie Jo Daniels, Hope For Freedom.
Domestic female minors with sex trafficking history.
Foster care with long-term residential services - five beds, girls only, 12 to 15 months long.
Not an emergency shelter. There is an application process before a girl can be accepted in the program.
They work with case managers and in and out of Palm Beach County.
They do training – Human Trafficking 101, CSEC training for staff, agency workers and volunteers.
Presentations at Palm Beach State, school presentations, “Be The Difference.”
6. Florencia  Dominguez– International Rescue Committee
Direct services to men, women, and children, domestic and foreign. T
Dade, Broward, Palm Beach County and Martin.
Case management and funding to assist with housing, transportation and food.
Hotlines:  866.443.0106, 305.842.7360
Trainings, awareness presentations, and technical assistance, Landlord network
Human Trafficking, 101 specific to South Florida.
Presentation bringing businesses into the loop.
Federal grants, currently have a waiting list
Assess each case and provide what they can.
Working with DOJ in pilot program, Family Justice model, one place to get all the services that are needed.
7. Dale Fox, Palm Beach Sheriffs Office.
They offer direct services they are first responders and investigators for all victims in Palm Beach County.
561–6 88–3975.
They also do training and raise awareness for all crimes in the community.
8. Brandy Macaluso, CILO- Coalition for Independent living organization.
They are a full service center, working with sex and labor trafficking survivors, domestic an undocumented. Palm Beach County, Martin County Okeechobee County and St. Lucie County.
Provide direct services to all disabilities - HT survivors qualify.,561.966.4288, ext 118
Provide agency, advocacy and transportation, mental health and peer counseling.
Work helping with Social Security appeal process, vocational classes and assistance, educational advocacy.
Work with disability related issues, access evaluations for handicapped
HT presentations, trainings on how to screen for disabilities for mental emotional, behavioral, visual, hearing, and traumatic brain injuries.
Offer wraparound services following a child aging out from foster care.
No residential services, they are a nonprofit and a civil rights organization.
9. Patricia Vazquez, Department of Children and Families
Investigations from Broward to Indian River.
Palm Beach County - hold monthly staffing member meetings on all new cases.
Work with both dependent and community kids and they do training for law-enforcement.
10. Linda,  Partner Organizations Against Sex Trafficking. T
Advocacy and awareness group, associated with National Council of Jewish Women
They bring the “14 Silhouettes” with case studies to public awareness events.
Speakers burea, Human Trafficking, 101
Involved in education with the safe schools programs and legislative issues.
11. Iliana Dias, AVDA.
Provide temporary shelter, 6 to 8 weeks at a time, 60 beds.
There has to be an element of domestic violence or partner violence to qualify.
Palm Beach County and surrounding areas.
Provide legal advocacy, help victims excess victim compensation and relocation funds.
Hotline: 1-800-355-8547
They have training in advocacy and presentations.
561.265.3797, x110
12. Kathy Iho, Soroptimists
They have a local chapter involved with human trafficking
Provide grants for awareness, and other supportive services for women.
13.  Liisa Spinello, Victim Services.
Assist with advocacy, therapy for victims of violent crimes. Sex trafficking is one of those crimes.
No charge for services
Court accompaniment for survivors, physical exams, follow ups, relocation, trauma groups
5 offices in Palm Beach County.
7/24 services, nighttime is well goes through 211 or 833 – RAPE.
561.355.2418 call will be directed from there
SART = sexual assault response team= 561.625.2568
Training on trauma informed care, offer CEU's, and CSEC training.
14. Twiler Smith, FBI
The FBI serves all cases.
Unable to take custody of minors so they work with DCF.
Her territory includes Highlands County, Vero Beach Palm, Beach County.
Pam Washington in Fort Lauderdale goes from Fort Lauderdale to the Keys.
Kelly Murphy serves the Tampa division.
They are hiring 35 victim specialists
Presentations in schools
Gaps Identified:
1. Labor trafficking survivors, very limited shelters for adults.
DCF has options for men and women labor and sex trafficking but they have to be part of the investigative process.
2. Gap identified for people needing drug detox and rehabilitation.

Dr. Heidi Shaffer spoke on KidSafe Program during the April Human Trafficking Meeting

Started with personal crisis – son left unattended by babysitter
Kids Safe  provides training for kids in 4th & 5th grades in PBC & Broward.
All about prevention of abuse & raising awareness
1 in 4 girls have been molested before age 18, 68% by family members, 90% someone they know. 40,000 kids & 15,000 adults have been trained so far.

Kids need to know how to get help
Video: Break The Cycle, with Uncle Pete…
Molestation brings four core injuries:
                1. Traumatic sexualization
                2. Betrayal
                3. Powerlessness
                4. Stigma

90% of commercially sexually exploited women sexually abused as kids & told no one
95% of abuse and exploitation is preventable through education.
KidSafe uses a 3 Tier approach:
                1. Education for teachers and staff
                2. Education for parents
                3. Education for children

Teach kids they had a voice & a right to use it
Difference between reporting vs. tattling
Check first with trusted adult
Difference between safe & unsafe tough
Difference between good & bad secrets
Baser Model:
                Believe child
                Affirm disclosure
                Support child – telling them not their fault
                Empower child
                Report the case
Having a Circle of safe adults

For more information about KidSafe, please contact Sally at or by calling 855-844-7233.

Sandy Skelaney addressed the March Human Trafficking Coalition Meeting regarding Human Trafficking and the Media

Sandy Skelaney addressed the HTCPB with her presentation, "Media Goes Wild; The Spectacle that is Human Trafficking" about the implications of exposing human trafficking victims to the media. 
After starting Project Gold at Kristi House in 2007, they received a lot of media requests and became, in essence, the gatekeepers to domestic minor sex trafficking victims. 

After reviewing the google images pages of search word, human trafficking, we see photos of light-skinned, attractive, female victims; shackled, chained, or caged; with dark-skinned hands or perpetrators or as Sandy refers to them as the "Kids in Cages" imagery. She discussed the subliminal messages this is potentially sending to reviewers of this information. The media shapes reality so there are consequences to the distortion such as being unable to decifer true victims and desensitization that occurs. 

On the flip side, we need media to bring attention to the good work organizations are doing and bring awareness to the causes. Over the last decade, Sandy identified many positive changes in the media coverage of Human Trafficking. She has noted their use of victim vs criminal, the term human trafficking is used vs child prostitute, and there has been a decrease of the verbiage, "victimless crime."

Regardless of the detail or perceived impact of the victim, their story matters and is important. There are many pros and cons to exposing the victim to the media:

  • Can empower the victim
  • Engages the audience in the cause
  • General awareness of the issue
  • The victim is the voice of their own experience
  • Success stories inspire others to come forward to to succeed

  • It puts the victim at-risk
  • Victims may feel coerced or used
  • The story never disappears. Ever.
  • No privacy
  • May not be emotionally prepared
  • Sexual history is made public domain
Sandy stressed the importance of preparing the survivor by asking 4 main questions:

  1. Is there any part of your past you are ashamed of?
  2. Is there any part of your present you are ashamed of?
  3. Is there anything you don't want your family to know?
  4. How would you feel if you were recognized and approached in public?

Mishaps with media can happen. Sandy stated it is important to learn from these mistakes and prepare for them in the future. She discussed that there are some blunders that will be beyond the control of yourself and your survivor so it is important to pre-brief, debrief, follow up, debrief again, and debrief again.She also talked about the importance of safe words between the service provider and victim so if the service provider needed to cut the interview short, they could. Sandy recommended having pre-drafted talking points that are bulleted and sticking to those. She also recommends if possible, to request a list of questions from reporters so service providers and screen them. She listed some issues that have occurred in past cases in regard to media exposure:

Victim's Initials are Published. This is a problem because people within their circles including service providers can be identified, especially if they have had prior contact with various service systems like DJJ or DCF. 

TV Clips of Key Note Spliced/Edited to Make Crying Appear from Pimp. The victim felt like her story was edited to make her a more "perfect victim."

Random, Short Phone Interviews/Reactive Stories. These are not typically fact-checked and are produced full of errors.

Girl-Specific Branding Leaked with Agency Name. The girl was triggered at school and ended up running away for 2 weeks.

Rush Interview Cancelled Last Minute by Guardian. After cancelling, the reporter waited for the victim in a white, unmarked van in a parking lot and tried to push her to come with him to his station to do the story regardless of the guardian's cancellation.

TV Features Silhouetted, "Anonymous" Survivor. Survivor was labeled as a "prostitute" by the editor and 4 people recognized her body shape and voice.

Don't believe everything you read! Sandy presented a completely fictitious story that was printed with extremely graphic detail that was completely made up by the author and did not reflect the true story of the victim. She also presented two additional stories, one of a HT survivor that was saving girls, that turned out to not be a survivor of HT; the other was of a victim stating she was consensual to the trafficking and pornography however, a video surfaced of her being violently raped with information conflicting her claims of agreement to the trafficking.

Lastly, Sandy gave a list of 18 tips when working with the media:

Let a victim initiate the discussion on sharing their story.
Assure the victims emotional and physical stability.
Build insight/process trauma prior to interviews.
Leadership, peer mentoring, and training advised for victims
Control the Story.
Obtain proper consents (with as much detailed specifics as possible).
Conceal Identity (more than just a silhouettes).
Support person present.
Get questions in advance.
Ask to read quotes for accuracy.
Emphasize use of proper language with media.
Conduct due diligence with reporters (Find out the angle).
Train Reporters.
Pre-Brief, Debrief, and Debrief again.
Titrate exposure. Start small.
Engage survivors as experts, not "victims"
Compensate properly
Vet survivors. Why do they want to speak about their story?

Sandy also shared a very well-written expose from the Sarasota Herald called The Stolen Ones by reporter, David McSwain.

Sandy is currently a founder of the Ignition Project. A project designed to assist program directors that are forming new programs or newly formed agencies on developing business plans, strategic plans, and other essentials for success.

February's Meeting featured Guest Speaker Elaine Beckwith of Sanctuary Ranch, Vision Quest Shelter for Girls

There are 30,000 to 40,000 runaways in Florida alone. 2,200 to 2,300 go missing every day across US. Target age for traffickers has been 10 to 12 years old, but starting to recruit girls as young as 8 years old. Vulnerability factors: homelessness, poor, broken families, physical/sexual abuse history, running away history, low self-worth/self-esteem, addictions to drugs/alcohol, involvement in the juvenile justice  or child welfare system. Ages 12 to 14 years old are most vulnerable. 

Vision Quest works with underage minors girls only. They took their first girl into shelter in July 2014. 80% of girls run away from programs. They are used to running! That’s what they do! DJJ starting work with DCF – DJJ's history often means trafficking history. Most girls that receive services have DJJ history. Most girls are controlled by pimps – so they lie about it out of both loyalty and fear.

What is different about these girls? Their distrust of care providers and law enforcement. They lie out of fear, feel its their fault, and are ashamed. They don’t think anyone will believe them, they believe they're in love, they can't self-identify, and are controlled by the pimp. Very often these girls have issues with addictions. Violence is a symptom of trafficking. Trauma bonding takes a girl’s ability to walk away.

Brain process during trauma:
 - Trauma triggers “doing brain” in amygdala in limbic system over the “thinking brain” in prefrontal cortex

 - Thinking brain defers to doing brain in dangerous situations

 - Kids fight, flee or shut down – they learned to do these things in dangerous situations

 - Doing brain triggers hormones, either ramp up or calm person down
                determines fight/flight/freeze response

 - Designed to remember danger so can make a quick response

 - Triggers make us feel like we are in danger even when we are not
                sounds, smells, words, tones of voice, approaches, touch can all be triggers

 - Survivors compliance and behavior – coping mechanisms

The primary goals of Vision Quest are empowerment vs recovery,  growth, mastery, and efficacy. Generally they work collaboratively with other programs. They are funded through DCF, Child-net. Vision Quest is a private company. They extend into the home for next step for girls. They are fostered in families where there is only child per family allowable. The staff is all female. They have 4 cottages but no house parents. Each house has 6 staff – 2 on duty, 12 hour shifts, 3 days on, 4 off. Sanctuary House is faith based but not evangelistic – horses therapy, yoga, movie nights, education, and the girls are included in all the projects on the ranch including designing the decor for the houses.

For contact information, please go to


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